High-health horses in the UK have the same health status as in EU Member States and the task force calls for a trade agreement between the EU and Britain to take this into account. The initial EEA dates back to the UK`s accession to the European Economic Community (EEC). The agreement provided for the transfer of horses between the United Kingdom, Ireland and France, without the need for formal veterinary inspections. In 2005, the TPA was amended to include all equines, with the exception of equines transported for slaughter. The modification of the TPA raised serious concerns among horse welfare carriers, as the risk of undetected diseases and the movement of horses for slaughter became increasingly evident. The 2009/156/EC Directive applies to movements and imports from third countries within the EU. The directive provides exceptions for equines used for sporting, recreational or cultural purposes. Following the horsemeat scandal in 2013, the TPA was changed; these amendments came into effect on May 18, 2014. Under the new rules, the movement of high-health horses between Ireland and France, as well as France and the United Kingdom, is traceable. Since from 2014 the AES is based on the derogation from Article 6 of the directive and is therefore based on EU law; If there is a transitional period of 21 months, it would mean that the TPA would settle the transfer of racehorses between Ireland, the United Kingdom and France until December 2020. The importance of the TPA is illustrated by the following statistics: the TPA „covers almost 90% of all horse movements within the EU” (Danielle Rossingh, „How Brexit could derail the horse racing industry for $7 billion,” CNN.com, 7 March 2018, edition.cnn.com/2018/03/07/sport/brexit-thoroughbred-breeding-horse-racing-intl/index.html). In the absence of a trade agreement with Britain, the task force calls on the EU to declare a balance of health for the three countries listed. The proposals also include regional agreements on the bioscurred movements of high-health horses, which have been signed between neighbouring EU Member States.
Previously, there was a tripartite agreement between France, Great Britain and Ireland, and there is currently an agreement between France and the Benelux. Previously, any horse could travel freely to and from France from the UK with a valid horse passport (and without a requirement for health papers). However, in order to reduce the amount of unmonitored horse movements and the potential for disease spread, this has been revoked and a certification of horse health will be required. This means that the UK is better protected from imports of horses of unknown origin and disease. A DOCOM lasts 10 days and, for long journeys, the sender in question makes a DOCOM return trip to France.