Letter from Mao to Gao Gang and Kim Il Sung, transmitted to Stalin, on a strategy of rapprochement and the conditions for a ceasefire. Topics include Taiwan, China`s accession to the United Nations and the establishment of a neutral zone. Whether or not Eisenhower`s threats contributed to nuclear attacks, until July 1953, all parties to the conflict were ready to sign an agreement to end the bloodshed. The ceasefire signed on 27 July set up a committee of representatives from neutral countries to decide the fate of thousands of prisoners of war on both sides. It was eventually decided that prisoners of war could choose their own destiny – to stay where they were or return to their home countries. A new border was drawn between North and South Korea, giving South Korea additional territory and demilitarizing the zone between the two nations. The war claimed the lives of millions of Koreans and Chinese and more than 50,000 Americans. It was a frustrating war for the Americans, accustomed to forcing the unconditional surrender of their enemies. Many also did not understand why the United States had not extended the war to China or used its nuclear arsenal. However, as government officials were well aware, such actions would likely have triggered World War III. Ceasefire talks began on July 10, 1951, in Kaesong, a North Korean city in North Hwanghae Province, near the South Korean border.  The two main negotiators were the army`s chief of staff, Gen.
Nam Il, a North Korean deputy prime minister, and U.S. Vice Admiral Charles Turner Joy.  After a period of two weeks, on the 26th.